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2014 Exhibition of Valuable Signed Books with Seals in Tsinghua University Library


Books are a vehicle for recording people's spiritual world and technological achievements. The signatures, seals or handwriting in books are the direct expression of the authors, readers or collectors' thoughts. Tsinghua University Library has a large collection of valuable books from the Republic of China period. During the period of university anniversary, we specially selected some of the treasures in the library collection and launched an exhibition with signed books and seals as clues. The exhibition presents six themes, which areImpression of Library, Humanity and History of Books, Book Presented by Great Teachers, Great Kindness of Alumni, Fragrance Left by the Author, Reading Atmosphere of Long History.We hope to reproduce the history and pass on our culture by this opportunity.


Ⅰ.Impression of Museum

1.Written by Li Changzhi, first edition, published by Beixin Publishing House in January 1936.

Lu Xun’s criticismis the first systematic monograph in Lu Xun’ s research history, which makes a great influence in the academic circles. The first edition ofCriticism of Lu Xunsold out in half a year and was reprinted many times. This book caused different repercussions in different periods: it was rejected as a leftist reading material during the KMT (Kuomintang of China) ruling; it was listed as a forbidden book during the Japanese puppet rule period; it was criticized when People’s Republic of China was founded. In 1950, Li Changzhi wrote an articleself-criticism of Lu Xun's criticismin Guangming Daily to analyze the reasons for writing the book. On the blank page of the book, the Library reminds readers to refer to the author's article.

2.Historical materialism——lectures on the history of social development

Written by Sheng Hsuen, published by worker’s publishing house, and reprinted in June 1950.

Sheng Hsuen, the author, has been engaged in the research, propaganda and education of Marxist philosophy for a long time, focusing on popularizing Marxist philosophy. This is the transcript of the author's lectures at National Federation of Trade Unions Cadre School. During the Cultural Revolution, the book was recommended to worker-peasant-soldier students along with the teachers and students of the school, with a cautiousrecommendation sheet with the words of "supreme instructions" in front of the title page.

Call number: Wu 106.2 8486

3.Discussing writing with writers(the first volume)

Written by Xiao Yin, published by China Youth Publishing House in September 1959.

Xiao Yin, the author, engaged in newspaper editing, literature and art teaching, literature and art theory research and spared no effort in cultivating young writers. In the opening chapter of the book, "Is there any secret to writing?", he wrote: “Literary writing is a complicated and arduous work; writers need hard work not only when understanding life and refining subjects, but also when they pick up their pens to write. There is no writer who can write great works just by following mechanically a certain writing secret without any efforts.”

During the Cultural Revolution, the book was censored. This is the library'sBook Censorship Opinion Formon May 20th, 1973.

Call number:Geng 207 8540.2

4.First draft of book classification in large libraries(the first)

Compiled by Shanxi Provincial Library, published in July 1958.

This is the first draft of book classification compiled by the Shanxi Provincial Library for the Library itself. There is an opinion sheet inside of cover with the words of “please comment, please exchange”, and a handwritten note “Presented to Tsinghua University Library”

Call number: Jia223 9138

5.New dictionary of social sciences

Compiled by Ichiro Nakayama, Mitsuki Kiyo, Nagata Kiyo, published by Kawade Shobo in 1941.

The library was destroyed and lots of books were plundered during the Anti-Japanese War. During the Anti-Japanese War, the library was destructed and many books were plundered. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, the library received books allocated from Peiping, Tianjin Library Committee. This is one of the accepted books and it has the seal of "assigned by the Peiping, Tianjin Library Committee ".

Call number: Wu030 sun 572

Ⅱ.Humanity and history of books

1.One Man’s Talk

Written by Shao Xunmei, published by Shanghai first publishing house in 1935.

Shao Xunmei (1906-1968) was a well-known essayist, publisher, translator, and poet of the New Moon school.

This book contains the essence of literary criticism of Shao Xunmei published in various journals. And the author himself called it “a continued memorandum".

Shao Xunmei presented the book to Zhu Ziqing in 1936 for literary exchange. At that time, Professor Zhu Ziqing was the chairman of the Library Committee and acting director of the library. Later Zhu Ziqing presented this book to Tsinghua University Library.

Call number: Geng 204 8891

Original handwriting:

I hope you can give some comments after reading. Xunmei June 25th25 years Republic of China

Presented to the library. Ziqing September 15th25 years Republic of China

2.Collected works of Jieqi kiosk

Written by Quan Zuwang. One of the basic series of Sinology of the commercial press.

Quan Zuwang (1705-1755), historian and litterateur of the Qing Dynasty. This book was originally collected by Wu Han, a famous historian. In 1932 when Wu Han was studying in Tsinghua University, he excerpted the contents about Jieqi kiosk in Fenghua Country, Ningbo in the vol. 11 ofshu garden noteswritten by Lu Rong in Ming Dynasty on the title page. There is a seal of “seal of Wuhan’s book collection” on the first page of the contents.

Call number: Geng 327.1 7640.04

Original handwriting:

Lu Rong, Miscellaneous Notes of the Leguminous GardenXI

Ningbo Fenghua County has a patrol division named Jie<Yuqi>. At first it was hard to understand what it meant. The book of history cites Yanshi as saying, Jie, pronounced with the same jie, is clam, about 3.3 cm long, 6.6 mm wide, with small crabs in its belly. Qi, means the curved river, with lots of Jie in it. Therefore, it was named with Jieqi. Now Qi is written as <Yuqi>, with no rhyme scheme. It’s just because of a printing error.

January 12, 1921 Written at dawn

3.The Eight-year War of Resistance

Edited by He Yingqin, printed by the General Headquarters of the Army in May 1946.

The editor, He Yingqin, who served as Chief of Staff of the Military Commission and Commander-in-Chief of the Chinese Army during the war, has written an account of the eight years of resistance in this book, which is valuable for understanding and studying the war. Attached to the book is an official letter from He Yingqin to the National Tsing Hua University Library in 1948, with the inscription of the Ministry of National Defense.

Call number: Ji 285 8729

The original text of the official letter:

The third anniversary of the victory in the war was celebrated on September 9 of this year. Yingqin was involved in the war and the surrender and has compiled three reports on the subject. In addition to the books already sent to you, there are many copies of these books. I am pleased to submit herewith two volumes of the eight-year war of resistance, one volume of the surrender report, and the entire compilation of documents dealing with the Japanese surrender (upper and lower editions). I would like to ask you to collect these books for reference and commemoration.


National Tsinghua University Library

Yours sincerely

He Yingqin, August 28th

4.Social Problems - An Analysis of Transformation

Translated by Zhao Tingwei and Wang Zaoshi, first edition, Commercial Press, 1922.

Wang Zaoshi (1903-1971) was one of the pioneers of the modern democratic movement in China, one of the leaders of the May Fourth Movement, and one of the famous "Seven Gentlemen".

Zhao Tingwei (1900-2001) was graduated from the English Department of Beijing Higher Normal School in 1922 and from the Department of Educational Studies of Beijing Normal University in 1924 and became a professor at East China Normal University after the founding of the PRC.

Social Problems - An Analysis of Transformation, a book by the early American sociologist Aylward, was translated by Wang Zaoshi and Zhao Tingwei.

Call number: Wu103 E47

Original handwriting:

The first chapter and the last chapter of this book were translated by Mr. Zhao, and the rest of the book was written by me, so I do not dare to take advantage of it. September 25, 2011, recorded by Zaoshi

5.Supplementary Illustrations for Chinese Yi-ology

Edited by Li Dengchi.

The author, Li Dengchi, taught Chinese studies in Tongzi County High School. The students of Tongzi County High School negotiated and raised their own funds to put Mr Li's invention of the YiXue illustrations into print as a teaching material, so this book was written. The author mentions the origin of the book in the preface, "Examining the twenty-four centuries of the East and West countries for school education by the common lack of teaching materials, not science, is the only philosophy of education" , "I had to meet the request of one or two students and pay for the lead stone, so that each hand could have an editorial to study, so as to benefit teaching and learning".

Call number: Jia 910 8356

Original handwriting:

A gift from Qianbeiliu Qingshanfang, published in the autumn of the twenty-fourth year of the Republic of China.

Chinese YiXue Supplementary Note, by Li Shihan.

The book proves YiXue scientifically, develops the old culture of the East, absorb the new culture of the West, and compose the whole philosophy of culture building education. By Mao Guangxiang.

The original text of Li Dengchi’s letter:

Sincerely request your review: First,I would like to express my respects. China is weak, the culture is sinking. When my worry is increasing, am I dare to forget to spur myself on? I have exhausted thirty years of research, the rate into this editorial, with a view to contributing to the cultural foundation and the national spirit of our country. However, since I live in a remote area, I am ashamed of my knowledge, so I am sending the original manuscript, and I would like to ask for your permission to correct the errors, give it a suitable title and show me the right direction, so that it can be perfected. I would like to express my sincere gratitude.

Yours sincerely

Li Dengchi, in Tongzi.

III. Books gifted by famous teachers

1.The Classic Common Talk

Written by Zhu Ziqing, reprinted in Shanghai in September 1946 by Wenguang Bookstore.

Zhu Ziqing (1898-1948), character Peixin, was a famous modern writer, scholar and democracy fighter. He was a professor and head of the Chinese Department of Tsinghua University. After the outbreak of the war, he went south to serve as the head of the Chinese Department of Southwest United University. During the hard years of the war, he still engaged in teaching and literary research with seriousness and rigor, always maintaining the temperament and sentiment of an upright patriotic intellectual.

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author.

Call number: Jia901 8706

2.The Political Thought of the American-French Revolution

Written by Pu Xuefeng, Tsinghua Journal, single volume, June 1932.

Pu Xuefeng (1900-1997) was admitted to the Tsinghua School in Beijing at the age of 14 and studied in the United States at government expense in the autumn of 1921, receiving a master's degree from Harvard University and a doctorate in law from Hamelin University. After returning to China, he taught at Donglu University, Zhejiang University, Tsinghua University, and Southwest United University, and served as professor and head of the Department of Political Science at Tsinghua University, editor of Tsinghua Journal, and professor at Peking University.

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author.

Call number:Wu520.2 8031

3.The New Science

Written by Feng Youlan.

Feng Youlan (1895-1990) was a famous contemporary Chinese philosopher and educator. He served as a professor at Yenching University Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Head of the Department of Philosophy at Tsinghua University, Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Dean of the Faculty of Arts at Southwest United University, and Professor at Peking University. He is one of the philosophers who have been able to establish a philosophical system in modern China and has made important contributions in the history of Chinese academic thought, and is one of the influential thinkers.

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author.

Call number:Yi180 8169A

4.The Contribution of the Jesuits to Phonology

Written by Luo Changpei, 1930.

Luo Changpei (1899-1958), who spent his life teaching languages, studying minority languages, investigating dialects, and researching phonology, is known as one of the "three giants" of early Chinese linguistics, along with Zhao Yuanren and Li Fanggui, and has made outstanding contributions to contemporary Chinese linguistics and phonology research. He was the principal of Beijing No. 1 Middle School, a professor at Northwestern University in Xi'an, a researcher at the Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica, a professor at Peking University, and the head of the Chinese Department of Southwest United University.

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author.

Call number:Geng140 861

5.The Renaissance in China

Written by Gu Yuxiu, Zhonghua Bookstore, Shanghai, 1947

Gu Yuxiu (1902-2002) was a famous educator, scientist, poet, dramatist, musician and Buddhist scholar. He was a professor at Tsinghua University, where he led the founding of the Department of Electrical Engineering and became dean of the School of Engineering in the following year, and in 1938 he became the political secretary of the Ministry of Education and president of Central University (now Nanjing University).

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author.

Call number: Jia 425 8200.1

IV. The Caring from Alumni

1.The Complete Works of the Great Lu Xun(Volume 6)

Written by Lu Xun, nihonnkaizosha, 1937

This book was given to the Department of Biology at Tsinghua University by alumnus Xie Qiwen. On the 15th anniversary of Mr. Lu Xun's death in 1951, the Department of Biology presented this book to the Tsinghua University Library for all students to read.

Xie Qiwen (1929- ), a native of Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, graduated from the Department of Biology of Tsinghua University in 1949 and from China Medical University in 1951. He has long been engaged in the teaching and research of pathophysiology, Chinese and Western medicine and neuroendocrinology, and is one of the pioneers of neuroendocrinology in China.

Call number: Jia 818 8797

2.Commentary on the Tongcheng Literary School

Written by Jiang Shugaku, The Commercial Press, 1930.

Jiang Shuge (1907-2000) graduated from the Department of Political Science of Tsinghua University in 1930. During his studies at the university, he wrote two monographs,Commentary on the Tongcheng Literary SchoolandHistory of Chinese Extraterritorial Legal Power, which were highly appreciated by President Luo Jialun. After graduation, he served as the Director of Taxation and the Director of National Taxation of the National Government and the Undersecretary of Government Affairs of the Ministry of Finance. In 1958, he responded to the call of the Central Government to support the construction of the Great Northwest and went to Qinghai with his family to focus on education and academic research.

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author.

Call number: Geng 302 8173

3.The Chinese Society in Transition

Written by Li Shuqing, The Commercial Press, 1945.

Li Shuqing (1906- ) graduated from the Department of Sociology of Tsinghua University in 1935 and was admitted to the third class of publicly funded students studying in the United States in the same year. He received his master's degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1937, taught at the Department of Sociology of Southwest United University in 1940, and taught part-time at the Department of Sociology of Yunnan University in 1943. This book is a compilation of scholarly papers written by the author during this period on issues such as social changes during the war against Japan.

Call number: Wu 109 8351

4.Night Reading Secretary

Written by Xin Di, Shanghai Publishing Company, 1948.

Xin Di (1912-2004) graduated from the Department of Foreign Languages of Tsinghua University in 1935, and from 1936 to 1939, he studied in the Department of English Language at the University of Edinburgh, England. After returning to China, he was a professor at Jinan University and Guanghua University, secretary of the Shanghai branch of the All-China Literary Association, and head of the Shanghai branch of the Poetry and Music Workers Association. The author presented this book to the library of Tsinghua University when he attended the National Congress of Literary and Art Workers in July 1949.

Call number: Geng 328 8147

5.My Own Garden

Written by Zhou Zuoren, Beijing Morning Post, 1923.

This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by alumnus Zou Bangliang in 1929.

Zou Bangliang (1907-?) graduated from the last class (1929) of Tsinghua University's preparatory department for study in the U.S. He received a bachelor's degree in political science from Stanford University in 1931, and later a master's degree in politics from the University of Wisconsin. During the war, he was a professor at the Army Mechanization School of the Central Military Academy in Hongjiang, Hunan Province, and after 1947, he taught at the Department of Political Science of the Yunnan University Grammar School.

Call number: Geng 328 8812.7

V. Fragrance left by the authors

1.The Collected Essays on Simplified Characters

Written by Chen Guangyao, first edition,(The)Commercial Press, 1931.

The Collected Essays on Simplified Characterscontains articles written by the author, Chen Guangyao, in the 16th and 17th years of the Republic of China, on the study of simplified characters and the movement of simplified characters. In the preface, the author mentions, "I am always evolving in my study of simplified characters: what was not properly drawn up in the past is now gradually becoming better; what is not properly drawn up now will also be required to be properly drawn up in the future until eliminated completely." This book was given to the Tsinghua University Library by the author, and the title page bears the inscription "Presented by Chen Guangyao to the Library of Tsinghua University".

Call number: Geng139.1 8935

2.On the Organization of ZiNan Characters and Their Relationswith Chinese Characters

Written by Wen Yu, published in 1933 by the Yenching Journal of Yenching University, Beiping.

Wen Yu (1901-1985) , who styled himself as "Zaiyu" and "Yehe" , was a pioneer in the study of ZiNan, Yi and Qiang languages.

The bookOn the Organization of ZiNan and their Relationship with the Chinese Charactersis a study of the relationship between the Vietnamese characters used by the Kinh people and the Chinese characters. In the book, the author writes: "There is a deep relationship between characters and Chinese characters, as mentioned above. The purpose of studying the ZiNan, one side is certainly to elucidate itself, the other side is also to elucidate our Chinese characters." This book was given to the Tsinghua University Library by the author, with the words "Presented by the author to the Tsinghua University Library" written on the title page.

Call number: Geng199 8623

3.Study of Human Ethics

Written by Zhou Jin, World Bookstore, 1933.

Study of Human Ethicsis the product of the author's in-depth consideration of Chinese ethical principles during a period of social change. In the preface, Cai Yuanpei wrote, "Only in the transition period between the old and new society, the sudden desire for a radical reform is very tough and slow in its implementation; there cannot but be a way of transition. In order to meet the needs of this transitional period, Mr. Zhou made the study of human ethics, changing father and son to parent-child, abolishing the monarchy, narrowing the scope of the concepts of elders and friends, and adding the six ethics, relatives by marriage, friends, teachers and students, masters and servants, and chiefs and subordinates in a narrow sense to become the ten ethics; and explaining in each ethics the duties that the two parties should perform; explaining the reasons based on the psychology of mutual love, the procedures of mutual assistance, and the effects of mutual benefit, which are easy to understand. This is the most practical approach in this period." This book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author, and the title page is inscribed with the words " Presented by the author to the Tsinghua University Library ".

Call number: Yi707 8810

4.On "Greatness"

Written by Wang Yunzhuang, Li Da Publishing House, 1940, first edition.

On "Greatness" contains some of the lecture notes and related articles given by the author, Wang Weizhuang, during his lectures around the theme of "greatness" in the late 1930s. The book was given to Tsinghua University Library by the author after its publication. On the title page is the inscription: "Presented by the author to the library of Tsinghua University on September 22, 1929.

Call number: Yi704 8240

5.Collection of Writings on Propriet

Written by Lang Depei, XinXin Printing House, 1936.

The "Collection of Writings on Propriety" is divided into five parts: treatises, floods, notes, compilations, and supplements. The author, Lang Depei, writes in the preface, " Writers of our generation, if we are negligent in our duties, are self-abandoned, and this is why I have not dared to waste a day in writing." "I have carried on the examples of previous years and embellished the old works to clarify my will." After the publication of this book, the author gave it to the library of Tsinghua University. On the blank page of the book are the words "Gift of Lang Depei for the Library of Tsinghua University".

Call number: Geng328 8223

VI. The Fragrance of Books Stays Long

1.Experimentalist Ethics

Compiled by Zhou Gucheng, first edition, Commercial Press, 1923.

This book was compiled as a lecture to a normal school by the famous historian Zhou Gucheng, based on Dewey'sEthics.

The first edition ofExperimentalist Ethicsfor teacher training schools, now in Tsinghua University Library, was published after the national tragedy in September 1933 priced at 45 cents and was sent from Guangzhou on December 28, 1936.The title page bears the handwriting of the purchase: From Guangzhou 1936-12-28.

2.Dafu's Complete Works – The Past

Written by Yu Dafu, published in 1929 by the Publishing Department of the Shanghai Beixin Publishing House.

This book is the third volume ofDafu's complete workspublished in 1929, the year when the economic crisis broke out in the United States and gold prices soared at home. The promotionalseal in the book bears witness to that era.

The title page of the book is printed with a bookstore promotion stamp with the words “gold prices are soaringand raw materials are expensive, and the price is increased by 10% to recover the costs”. On the same page is printed the price: the actual price of each book is 65 cents.

Call number: Geng 238 8448.01

3.The Secret Book of China's New Literary World

Edited by Ruan Wuming, published in 1933 by Nanqiang Books, Shanghai.

This book was edited by Ah Ying (1900-1977), a modern Chinese literary critic, literary historian, and writer; Ruan Wuming was one of his pen names. Ah Ying was born Qian Defu.

This book has been purchased by many people and has been passed through several times and is now in the library of Tsinghua University. The title page still bears the handwriting of the many purchases: "Given on the 5th of September, 33rd year of the Republic of China", "Purchased in Beijing, the capital of the people, on the 7th of July, 1950", etc.

Call number: Geng 202 8926

4.Inspirational Philosophy

By Orison Swett Marden, translated by Cao Fu, Kaiming Bookstore, thirteenth edition, 1940.

This book is written by Dr. Orison Madden. He is recognized as the founder of American success science and the greatest motivational teacher of success.

This book was purchased in Kunming after the southward relocation of Tsinghua University and the founding of the Southwest Union, at a price of 70 cents. The original cover of the book still has the purchase record of "purchased in Kunming, 1941, 3, 27".

5.Reading Occasional Translation

Compiled by Zou Taofen and published by Guanghua Bookstore.

Zou Taofen (1895-1944), born Zou Enrun, was a distinguished journalist, political commentator and publisher. The author was detained by the Kuomintang government in 1937 in the Jiangsu High Court Detention Center. During that time, he translated the English notes he had taken during his early years in the library of the British Museum in London, which led to this book. The contents include Hegel and dialectics, Karl's economics, Engels' life and work, Ilyich's life and his theories, etc.

This book was purchased in 1949 by Zhou Weiquan, a student of the Department of Architecture at Tsinghua University, who later became a professor in the Department of Architecture at Tsinghua University. On the title page, there is a record of the purchase: "Purchased by Zhou Weiquan in Beiping, China, 38. II. XIV".

Call number: Wu090 8805.1

6.Standard Chinese Dictionary

Edited by the Word Review Committee of the National Association for the Promotion of Chinese Language Education, first edition, Commercial Press, 1935.

This book was purchased by a student of Tsinghua University in May 1937 for one yuan and eighty cents. A record of the purchase at that time still remains on the title page and cover.

Call number: Geng 111.3 9984

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